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The Republic

3.92  ·  Rating details ·  137,145 Ratings  ·  2,758 Reviews
Presented in the form of a dialogue between Socrates and three different interlocutors, this classic text is an enquiry into the notion of a perfect community and the ideal individual within it. During the conversation, other questions are raised: what is goodness?; what is reality?; and what is knowledge? The Republic also addresses the purpose of education and the role o ...more
Paperback, 416 pages
Published February 25th 2003 by Penguin Classics (first published -380)
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Jared Ellison Most of the stuff you are speaking about is because a large part of The Republic is an allegory for the soul. Those middle books do get that way, I…moreMost of the stuff you are speaking about is because a large part of The Republic is an allegory for the soul. Those middle books do get that way, I assure you that he closes it out well. You could say that Socrates is making fatal and false assumptions about human nature, and that may be true in a literal read. The point is part satirical: he is merely taking one thing to follow from what they discussed earlier. It could also be a warning of the great affronts to one sort of nature you would have to do to get at ascendant perfection (or perhaps a comment on how the means do matter as well as the ends, etc.). Republic is a rich text, and everything has a vivid purpose. I read it while at Hillsdale College in a class, and it is still my favorite book. Perhaps an interpreter who goes through the powerful ideas in the book would be of use. The book is incredible to me. I hope you find someone who can help you to wring everything out of it (you may never wring it dry)(less)

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Sep 25, 2007 rated it did not like it
Recommends it for: everyone
Let me explain why I'd recommend this book to everyone: Plato is stupid.


And it's important that you all understand that Western society is based on the fallacy-ridden ramblings of an idiot. Read this, understand that he is not joking, and understand that Plato is well and truly fucked in the head.

Every single one of his works goes like this:

SOCRATES: "Hello, I will now prove this theory!"
STRAWMAN: "Surely you are wrong!"
SOCRATES: "Nonsense. Listen, Strawman: can we agree to the follow
May 21, 2008 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: my-library
All the criticisms of Plato are valid. He raises straw arguments. He manipulates discussions unfairly. He doesn't offer realistic solutions. And so on.

But he is still, and for very good reason, the most influential philosopher in Western civilization. He makes people think. Most authors we read today are trying to persuade us to agree with their point of view. Plato, not so. He wants you to disagree with him. He wants you to argue with him. He wants you to identify the fallacies in his arguments
Henry Avila
Jul 07, 2011 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Plato's "The Republic", is a great but flawed masterpiece of western literature, yes it makes sense, mostly, some of it. "I am the wisest man in the world because I know one thing, that I know nothing", said the smart man ... Socrates. Plato is writing for Socrates, his friend and teacher. Late teacher, since being forced to commit suicide by the uncomfortable citizens of Athens ( the famous poisoned cup of hemlock), for corrupting the minds of youth. Socrates didn't believe books were as effect ...more
Riku Sayuj

Is the attempt to determine the way of man’s life so small a matter in your eyes—to determine how life may be passed by each one of us to the greatest advantage? (1.344d)

I propose therefore that we inquire into the nature of justice and injustice, first as they appear in the State, and secondly in the individual, proceeding from the greater to the lesser and comparing them. (2.368e—369a)

The Republic: An Apology

“The safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is th
Ahmad Sharabiani
Πολιτεία = The Republic, Plato
The Republic (Greek: Πολιτεία, Politeia; Latin: Res Publica) is a Socratic dialogue, written by Plato around 380 BC, concerning justice (δικαιοσύνη).
تاریخ نخستین خوانش: دوازدهم ژوئن سال 1976 میلادی
عنوان: جمهوری؛ اثر: افلاطون مترجم: فواد روحانی؛ در سالهای 1335 و در سال 1348 توسط بنگاه ترجمه و نشر کتاب در 648 ص؛ و توسط انتشارات
علمی فرهنگی در سال 1368 و در سال 1379 و چاپ نهم آن در سال 1383، چاپ دهم 1384 و ... و چاپ چهاردهم در سال 1392 منتشر شده، موضوع: نقد و تفسیر جمه
Emily May
Mar 08, 2011 rated it liked it
Shelves: classics, nonfiction
My re-reading of this for my university course has led me to the same conclusions I found when I first read it a couple of years back, except this time I am fortunate enough to have understood it better than last time. My conclusions being that Plato, and through him Socrates, was very intelligent, believed he was more intelligent than everyone else (no matter how many times he declared himself unwise) and very much loved to talk. Socrates, in particular, must have been very fond of the sound of ...more
Halfway through now and the ability to see the book as a metaphor for civic and personal moral development becomes difficult. The book is only useful if you are tracking the history of ideas, which I am not. The state Plato describes here is one that is highly prohibitive in almost every aspect. Arts and culture are severely controlled for propaganda purposes. There is a complete inability to view open, transparent government as an option. The guardians must be lied to and deceived constantly if ...more
Roy Lotz
I’ve gotten into the habit of dividing up the books I’ve read by whether I read them before or after Plato’s Republic. Before The Republic, reading was a disorganized activity—much the same as wading through a sea of jumbled thoughts and opinions. I had no basis from which to select books, except by how much they appealed to my naïve tastes. But after reading The Republic, it was as if the entire intellectual landscape was put into perspective. Reading became a focused activity, meant to engage ...more
Jan 15, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction
It's been far too long ago since I read this to write a critical review, however, it should be required reading for all students in America at the very least. Oh how far we have strayed.
The Republic is where Plato lays down his ideas of an ideal state and its rulers. Plato's Utopian state is one which is just and his ideal rulers are philosophers (so far as I understood). Being my first philosophic read, I don't claim to have fully understood Plato's ideas.

Presented as a series of dialogue between Socrates and Plato's brothers Adeimantus and Glaucon, in eleven parts Plato step by step forms his ideal state (Part I and II), its rulers (Part IV and Part VII), their education, wo
Strange days indeed, when we are sent back to re-visit the very roots of philosophy within the ancient world.

Audio book 4:49:25
A man, tired from a long day of drudgery at work, walks towards his favourite haunt, an old-fashioned British working class pub in Essex called 'The Griffon'. Drenched from a heavy fall of rain, he enters the building and is greeted by its familiar smells and sounds.

Man: “Evening, all.” (The patrons demurely acknowledge his presence, and return to their drinks. The face of Roger, a much older man, lights up as he joyously steps towards the newcomer)

Roger: “Nate, ye bastard! Where have ye been
peiman-mir5 rezakhani
دوستانِ گرانقدر، با وجودِ شناختی که از «افلاطون» به وسیلۀ مطالعه در تاریخ و رویدادهایِ زمانِ او، بدست می آوریم، بدونِ تردید افلاطون موجودی مغرور و مخالفِ دانش و هنر بوده است، و اگر حرفِ درست و مثالِ زیبایی، در این کتاب آمده باشد نیز، از نوشتنِ سخنانِ استادِ بزرگوار « سقراط» بدست آمده است، چراکه « افلاطون»، که با پیشرفتِ دانش و اندیشمندانی چون « دمکریت» مخالف بود و نظریه هایِ علمی مثلِ « هیچ چیز از هیچ حادث نمیشود» و یا نظریۀ « اتمی» دمکریت را شیطانی و مخالفِ دین و مذهب و فسادِ بشر، قلمداد میکرد، ...more
May 18, 2014 rated it liked it
سوفسطایی ها
در یونان باستان، گروهی معلم دوره گرد بودن که فلسفه و وکالت به جوان ها یاد میدادن، به این ها "سوفیست" یا "سوفسطایی" یعنی "حکیم" می گفتن. معروفه که این گروه دو خصوصیت مهم داشتن: اول، شکاکیت در همه چیز. دوم: استفاده از مغالطه برای رسیدن به نتیجه.

معروفه که سقراط و افلاطون علیه این دو خصوصیت سوفسطایی ها موضع گرفتن و نتیجه ی مقابله با شکاکیت، ایجاد فلسفه و نتیجه ی مقابله با مغالطه، ایجاد منطق بود.

افلاطون این طوری توی کتاب های دیگران معرفی شده. مشکل اینجاست که توی کتاب های خودش ابدا ا
Justin Evans
May 19, 2011 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
Just to be clear, my rating is for the edition of the Republic I read- the Oxford World's Classics text translated by Robin Waterfield. Giving stars to the Republic is so flagrantly stupid that I can't even come up with a suitably stupid analogy. Giving stars to the Mona Lisa? Not even close. Giving stars to Dante? Not the same, because that deserves five stars. The Republic simultaneously deserves five stars, for kick-starting Western philosophy, social science, aesthetics, theology, and politi ...more
Ale Rivero
Dec 27, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
¡Qué mente la de Platón!

Esta edición es un resumen de la famosa República del filósofo griego.

Con sus diez libros, La República nos sumerge en el análisis del hombre, y su comportamiento (justos e injustos); del bien y del mal; de las ciudades y las formas de gobierno; de la importancia de la educación y de seguir la ley.
Platón logra hablar de todo esto a partir de diálogos con variados personajes, especialmente Glaucón, y también a través de la hipótesis de creación de una ciudad perfecta, con
Jason Pettus
Apr 04, 2008 rated it really liked it
(Reprinted from the Chicago Center for Literature and Photography []. I am the original author of this essay, as well as the owner of CCLaP; it is not being reprinted here illegally.)

The CCLaP 100: In which I read a hundred so-called "classic" books for the first time, then write reports on whether or not I think they deserve the label

Essay #11: The Republic, by Plato (~360 BC)

The story in a nutshell:
For those who don't know, the last 2,500 years of Western civilization can be rou
David Sarkies
Oct 13, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Philosophers & Political Scientists
Recommended to David by: Some Christian Girl at uni.
Shelves: philosophy
Theorising the Perfect State
21 October 2013

Sometimes I wonder if people give this book five stars because it is either a) written by Plato, or b) if you don't give it five stars then you are afraid that people will think that you are some semi-literate mindless cretin whose reading capacity tends to extend little beyond the Harry Potter and Twilight Series. Yes, I realise that I have given it five stars, but I have given it five stars because I actually enjoyed the argument that this book outli
Gary Inbinder
This is my first GR review without a star rating. Here’s the reason why.

I don’t like Plato’s Republic, but I think it ought to be read more than once. I didn’t like it when I first read it almost 50 years ago, and my opinion hasn’t changed over the years. Nevertheless, I think it’s an important book that should be read, analyzed and debated. In that regard, it’s much like Hitler’s Mein Kampf. Both books are, in my opinion, prescriptions for tyranny, the two sides of the same counterfeit coin. H
peiman-mir5 rezakhani
با وجودِ شناختی که از «افلاطون» به وسیلۀ مطالعه در تاریخ و رویدادهایِ زمانِ او، بدست آوردیم، بدونِ تردید افلاطون موجودی مغرور و بیخرد و مخالفِ دانش و هنر بوده، و اگر دوتا حرفِ درست و مثالِ زیبا، در این کتاب آمده، از نوشتنِ سخنانِ استادِ بزرگوار « سقراط» بدست آمده، چراکه « افلاطون»، آن بیخردِ مذهبی که با پیشرفتِ دانش و اندیشمندانی چون « دمکریت» مخالف بود و نظریه هایِ علمی مثلِ « هیچ چیز از هیچ حادث نمیشود» و یا نظریۀ « اتمی» دمکریت رو شیطانی و مخالفِ دین و مذهب و فسادِ بشر، قلمداد میکرد، نمیتونه ...more
Ralph Waldo Emerson đã viết về Plato như sau: “Plato chính là triết học, triết học chính là Plato..." Ý, khoan, bác cho con nói đế một câu này: "... nhưng có lẽ bản dịch tiếng Việt của cuốn Cộng hòa không phải là... triết học lẫn Plato".
Thế thì nó là gì, là gì?!
Nó là tổng hòa tất cả những uất ức của mình trong hơn một tháng, là dấu tích còn sót của 1000 năm Bắc thuộc, thuở ông cha ta bắt buộc phải nắm vững tiếng Hán nếu muốn đọc sách thánh hiền @@ Để đọc xong cuốn sách này, điều bạn cần có khôn
the gift
this is the second translation i have read. i read jowett 1871 years ago (decades...), this is allen 2008. i think what riku sayuj says above is the best in-depth review i mostly agree with. i read it yes as a way of arguing around to 'what is justice/just man', by portraying an entire city as if it can then be seen allegorically as one person. rather as nietzsche proceeds outward from self to society, plato goes inward from society to self. plato’s concern is not specifically political- but the ...more
Let me tell you about this book. Well, I don't recall it much; I only recall the angst it caused me for in my first year of college there were only two classes left that looked somewhat interesting. First time; last served. I took Philosophy 101 and Child Psychology.

I walked into my philosophy class and thought it was really going to be interesting. The teacher, Mr. Flores, spoke in broken English. No one told me that I could drop out of a class, so I sat there. I couldn't take notes because I
ها أنا قد قرأت أخيراً 'جمهورية' أفلاطون، ولو طُلب مني أن أُعبِّر عن انطباعي حول جمهوريته بجملة مختصره، سأقول ما سطَّره قلمي في آخر صفحة من الكتاب:-

جمهورية أفلاطون يحكمها فيلسوف 'خيالي'، وسُكَّانها رجال آليين

****** **** ** * ** **** ******

تنقسم هذه المحاورة إلا عشرة أجزاء، أو كما اسماها المترجم عشرة كتب، كل كتاب يختص بموضوع معين يرتبط بما سبقه ارتباطاً وثيقاً ومكملاً له بتوسع، وهذه المواضيع يتحاور فيها "سقراط" مع مجموعة من الأشخاص

ما هو العدل؟ وهل الشخص العادل شخص سعيد نتيجة لعدله والظالم تعيس لظ
Sep 01, 2017 marked it as to-read
Just say Notttt Yet!

Lướt qua The Republic của Penguin Random House, thấy dịch giả dùng I và You và văn phong khá bình dị thế mà ơ kìaaaaa tại sao bản dịch tiếng Việt lại phang toàn những đại từ nhân xưng chưa từng đc nghe bao giờ kiểu "bản nhân, tiểu điệt, quý hữu, ngô bối, hiền diệt, bỉ phu" khiến kẻ hèn hoang mang tột cùng, cứ ngỡ trong lúc não đi vắng đã mua nhầm sách tiếng Tàu. Để khuyến khích độc giả động não, dịch giả đã nhân ái tặng kèm những câu văn tối nghĩa một cách kì diệu, kiểu như:
Michael Finocchiaro
I almost categorised this as a dystopian novel because while Plato finds his Republic to be ideal, it sounded too much like what Trump intends for Amerikkka. It is an essential read in terms of western philosophy particularly because of the cave analogy and its opposition to the Aristotelian manner of thinking that created the major division in Greek philosophy and continues to underpin politics ever since. In his taking the ideal to be more critical than the real world, Plato creates a model an ...more
السيد العلوي
كم قتلونا بما أسموه: واقعية!
حولونا إلى آلات، وفي كثير من الأحيان -أعتذر- حيوانات، وصوروا لنا المثالية أحلامًا يهواها المنفصلون عن الحياة وواقعيتها.. وبالفعل تشكلت هذه المكررات ثقافةً أصبحنا عليها لنبيت على تطبيقاتها، فقُتل العقل القيمي الواقعي في أعلى درجات المثالية، وبقيت فلسفة الصراع وفنون الغلبة تارة بالإقصاء السافر، وتارة أخرى كما هي بعض المذاهب البرمجية اليوم بالتلون والمخادعات الأخلاقية.

أفلاطون.. كان عقلًا تحليليًا فلسفيًا يعي ما يقول بواقعية مثالية لم أجد كمالها في غير الطرح الإسلامي الرص
Jun 20, 2007 rated it really liked it
Recommends it for: those with a philosophical bent
I finished reading The Republic on my birthday and now am both older and wiser. The Republic is in essence one long argument why a person should lead a just life verses choosing a life of pleasure, riches, ambition, or power. It is deeply concerned with the nature of the human soul and how to prepare one's soul for eternity. Socrates/Plato uses a plethora of logical examples for this argument, although it is the logic of 400 B.C. Greek culture, which seems somewhat fractured to us today. The Rep ...more
Aslı Can
Sokrates ya da Platon'u gözümüzde bu denli yüce ve şaşırtıcı kılan şey sanırım düşüncenin zamanla ilerlediğine olan inanç. Böyle olunca da ''Vay be! 2500 yıl önce nasıl da düşünmüş bunları!'' diye şaşırıp, büyüleniyoruz. Bana düşünce ilerlemiyor da sadece birikiyormuş gibi geliyor. Birikenlerin içinde de herkes yüzme bildiğince yüzüyor ancak. Havuza su ekleyebilenler hep aynı oranda kalıyor sanki. Havuzu dolu görünce de 2500 yıldır biriken kayda değer her şeyi çağımızın ilerleme hanesine yazıyor ...more
Zahra Taher
يقول أفلاطون:
الحق إن لممارسة الجدل.. تأثيراً فريداً في الناس.. لأنهم كثيراً ما يدخلون دون وعي في مناقشات يتخيلون أنها مجادلات عقلية، مع أنها ليست إلا ثرثرة، وذلك لعجزهم عن أن يدرسوا موضوعهم بتقسيمه تبعاً لفروعه المختلفة ولتعلقهم بالألفاظ في محاولتهم إيقاع محدثهم في التناقض" ما أسهل أن يجد القارئ مثالاً على هذا الكلام من محاورة أفلاطون نفسها فهذا الفيلسوف لديه من المتناقضات والمغالطات الكثير الذي جعل فلسفته محل جدل واسع وكبير، بدءاً من صعوبة التفريق بين آراء أفلاطون وبطل محاوراته سقراط وانتهاءً
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  • The Art of Rhetoric
  • Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics
  • Early Greek Philosophy
  • Second Treatise of Government
  • On the Good Life
  • Discourse on the Origin of Inequality
  • Philosophical Fragments
  • City of God
  • Leviathan
  • The Discourses
  • Readings in Ancient Greek Philosophy: From Thales to Aristotle
  • Selected Writings
  • Four Texts on Socrates: Euthyphro/Apology/Crito/Aristophanes' Clouds
  • An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals
  • Plutarch's Lives: Volume I
  • The Way Things Are: The De Rerum Natura
(Greek: Πλάτων) (Arabic: أفلاطون) (Alternate Spelling: Platón, Platone)
Plato is a Classical Greek philosopher, mathematician, student of Socrates, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. Along with his mentor, Socrates, and his student, Aristotle, Plato helped to lay the foundations of Western philosoph
“The heaviest penalty for declining to rule is to be ruled by someone inferior to yourself.” 1175 likes
“I am the wisest man alive, for I know one thing, and that is that I know nothing.” 944 likes
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